Black Panther Party for Self Defense, Oakland, 1966

Where did Black Panther Party for Self Defense start? Oakland, California
When? October 1966 (dropped ‘for Self Defense in 1967)
How did the idea of the Black Panther come about? To form a political party for disenfranchised black voters against racist, white Democratic party.
Who were the people involved? Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale


  • The Black Panthers 10-Point Program, made public May 15, 1967
  • The Black Panther Community News Service Archives
    1. April 3, 1971
    2. October 26, 1968
    3. October 19, 1968
    4. September 14, 1968
    5. March 16, 1968
    6. November 23, 1967
    7. June 20, 1967
    8. July 3, 1967
  • Revolutionary Suicide by Huey P. Newton
  • Assata: An Autobiography by Assata Shakur, republished 2016, Zed Books Ltd.
  • Soul on Ice by Eldridge Cleaver
  • A Taste of Power: A Black Woman’s Story by Elaine Brown
  • To Die for a People a collection of writings by Huey P. Newton
  • Live From Death Row by Mumia Abu-Jamal
  • Panther Baby: From Prisoner to Professor by Jamal Joseph
  • Shadow of the Panther: Huey Newton and the Price of Black Power by Hugh Peterson
  • Body and Soul: The Black Panther Party and the Fight against Medical Discrimination by Alondra Nelson, 2011